08 May 2017
Battle continues with Round Five of the 2017 season from the Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya
Toto Talks Spain
Featured this Week: Finding Five Seconds
Stat Attack: Spain and Beyond
Toto Talks Spain
"I always enjoy going to Russia but it was a tricky weekend for us. On Friday we lacked performance but the engineers made the right decisions that evening and we made a good step on Saturday and Sunday. The prevailing feeling is that there is lots of homework to do to come back stronger with a car that can perform on a consistent level every weekend. I have the feeling that we are moving in the right direction but we need 24/7 shifts to achieve our ultimate targets.
"We expected Valtteri to develop through every single race and step up his performance and he's shown that. He's coped extremely well with his calm approach to setbacks. And he hasn't been carried away with success. It came early in Bahrain with the pole position and then he had a setback in the race. He replied with an exceptional performance in Sochi, in just his fourth Grand Prix for Mercedes, and showed that he's on the right path.
"On the flip side, Lewis had a difficult weekend in both qualifying and the race. We have spent our time since then unpicking what happened to understand why we couldn't get the car in the right window so he could feel comfortable with it - there are no magic bullets to understanding that, just a lot of hard work and attention to detail. We must give him the tools he needs to do the job in the next races and that will be a big focus for us.
"Barcelona will be interesting as our pre-season was not spectacular in Spain. It's a very different track to Sochi and we'll be running with harder tyres. We are taking this season one race at a time. If we deliver the best possible work from Friday onwards, then we'll be ready to win and fight with Ferrari.
"This inter-team battle is a totally different situation that what we have seen over the last three years. You simply need to adapt to the challenge and that's what we are doing, playing the hunter as well as being the hunted. At the moment there are two top teams fighting for both championships and I expect Red Bull will also eventually join the club. The small margins we are seeing this season are demonstrated by the closeness at the top of the Drivers' championship and even more so by the one point advantage we have in the Constructors'. This fight will continue on to the end of the season and we will be prepared for that battle."
Featured this Week: Finding Five Seconds
84.681 seconds... This was the reference taken midway through 2015 when it came to formulating a goal for the new generation of Formula One cars. They were to be visually more aggressive, harder to drive and significantly faster thanks to new rules that, for the first time in the sport's history, aimed to increase the cars' performance. In numerical terms, that translated to lap times five seconds a lap faster than the 2015 pole time of 1:24.681 at the Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya.
Just under two years later, the F1 circus will arrive in Barcelona this weekend chasing that target. To meet the goal would need a lap of 1:19.681 in qualifying - a mark comfortably exceeded by Kimi Raikkonen during winter testing with a best lap of 1:18.635. However, this came in cooler winter weather, with softer tyre compounds available than those used on the race weekend - but with the testing caveat of unknown fuel loads. By way of comparison, the best time during testing in 2015 was 1:22.792 - nearly two seconds faster than the pole time later that year.
So what do the numbers so far lead us to expect this weekend when it comes to ultimate performance? The table below shows the comparison of pole position times between 2015 and 2017 at the four races so far of the new season.
2015 Pole 2017 Pole Lap time Delta (s) % Delta
Australia 1:26.327 1:22.188 4.139 4.8
China 1:35.782 1:31.678 4.104 4.3
Bahrain 1:32.571 1:28.769 3.802 4.1
Russia 1:37.113 1:33.194 3.919 4.0
Spain Target 1:24.681 1:19.681 5.000 5.9
On average, the cars have been 3.991s quicker over a qualifying lap - or, in percentage terms, 4.3% faster than their counterparts were in 2015. The largest delta relative to 2015 came in Melbourne, with a 4.8% performance increase; the smallest in Sochi, which was "only" 4% faster than the corresponding pole time two years ago. However, this disparity can be explained, at least in part, by the shift in calendar timing of the race. In 2015, Sochi was Round 15 of the championship in mid-October; the 2017 race was held six months earlier in late April, meaning the cars are much earlier in their in-season development cycles.
In each instance, the pole position time in 2017 was the fastest ever lap seen at each circuit, reinforcing the claim that, even if still some way short of the five second per lap target, these are the fastest F1 cars in history.
2017 Pole Previous Outright Lap Record Lap time Delta (s) % Delta
Australia 1:22.188 1:23.529
(VET, 3rd Quali, 2011) 1.341 1.6
China 1:31.678 1:32.238
(MSC, Race, 2004) 0.560 0.6
Bahrain 1:28.769 1:29.493
(HAM, Q3, 2016) 0.724 0.8
Russia 1:33.194 1:35.337
(ROS, Q2, 2016) 2.143 2.2
What's more, analysis of the race fastest laps shows that the performance improvement has been translated into race conditions as well:
2015 Fastest Lap 2017 Fastest Lap Lap time Delta (s) % Delta Previous Race Lap Record
Australia 1:30.945 1:25.538 5.407 5.9 1:24.125
China 1:42.208 1:35.378 6.830 6.7 1:32.238
Bahrain 1:36.311 1:32.798 3.513 3.6 1:31.947
Russia 1:40.071 1:36.844 3.227 3.2 1:39.094
Spain Target 1:28.270 - - - 1:21.670
In many cases the fastest race laps are also now approaching all-time historic highs - notwithstanding many of the old benchmarks being set on new tyres and low fuel from back in the days of refuelling. Of course, any assessment of fastest laps is more vulnerable to anomalies than qualifying times - but the trend is nevertheless clear.
But with a target of a five-second-per-lap improvement relative to 2015 - and the historical tendency for teams to find more performance than expected under new rules - why are this year's car not even faster than they actually are?
First, there was a prudent caution applied to how the rules were formulated. Targets were established two years before the rules came into force and, as the regulations evolved, some of the initial freedoms where whittled away, with the prevailing opinion that it was better to under-hit the five second improvement and allow the teams to grow into the new generation of rules, rather than overshoot and limit future development potential. The cautious expectation is that the cars will be another second a half faster by 2018...
Second, the improvement will naturally vary from circuit to circuit. Overall, approximately 60% of the improvement relative to 2015 has come from the new aerodynamic regulations, 30% from the larger tyres and 10% from the power unit. At circuit with high aerodynamic sensitivity and a low power focus, such as Barcelona, gains will be greater than at circuits that are more power sensitive - and where long straights also penalise the higher drag levels of the 2017 cars. Lap time differences will also naturally be greater at longer, aero-sensitive circuits (such as Spa-Francorchamps or Suzuka) than at power-sensitive venues favouring low drag, such as Monza. The full picture will only become clear once the season is complete.
So while the numbers may suggest that the five second target has - for now - been missed, it's perhaps most appropriate to concentrate on the soft factors that mark F1's step into the unknown for 2017. Drivers are enthusing about the challenge of the new cars - and we are seeing larger differentials between team-mates from weekend to weekend in these tricky-to-master vehicles. F1 cars are indisputably the fastest cars on the planet, racing much closer to flat out from start to finish. And, rather than being a predictable DRS-enabled formality, overtaking has once again become a racing art form.
Most importantly, though, after four races, there are two teams locked together at the top of the Constructors' Championship - and a developing struggle for the Drivers' title, too.
It's shaping up to be the most memorable F1 season in years. And the moment the cars pass that five-second marker will be a final confirmation that the new rules have delivered in that respect, too.
Stat Attack: Spain and Beyond
2017 Spanish Grand Prix Timetable
Session Local Time (CEST) Brackley (BST) Stuttgart (CEST)
Practice 1 (Friday) 10:00 - 11:30 9:00 - 10:30 10:00 - 11:30
Practice 2 (Friday) 14:00 - 15:30 13:00 - 14:30 14:00 - 15:30
Practice 3 (Saturday) 11:00 - 12:00 10:00 - 11:00 11:00 - 12:00
Qualifying (Saturday) 14:00 - 15:00 13:00 - 14:00 14:00 - 15:00
Race (Sunday) 14:00 - 16:00 13:00 - 15:00 14:00 - 16:00
Circuit Records - Silver Arrows at the Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya
Starts Wins Podiums Poles Front Row Fastest Laps
Silver Arrows 7 2 4 4 8 1
L. Hamilton 10 1 5 2 4 3
V. Bottas 4 0 0 0 0 0
MB Power 23 7 19 8 16 6
Technical Stats - Season to Date (Barcelona Pre-Season Test 1 to Present)
Laps Completed Distance Covered (km) Gear Changes Petronas Fuel Injections Corners Taken
Silver Arrows 2,396 12,244.10 119,668 95,840,000 38,403
L. Hamilton 1,090 5,597.49 54,724 43,600,000 17,494
V. Bottas 1,306 6,646.61 64,944 52,240,000 20,909
MB Power 6,411 33,002.78 323,541 256,440,000 102,960
All-Time Records - Silver Arrows in Formula One
Starts Wins Podiums Poles Front Row Fastest Laps 1-2 Finishes
Silver Arrows 152 66 134 76 137 49 36
L. Hamilton 192 54 107 63 108 33 -
V. Bottas 81 1 12 1 4 1 -
MB Power 423 152 400 159 321 143 61